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California Information and Facts

"California State Travel and Visitor Information."

California Information

Official Website: http://www.state.ca.us/


The population of California in 2002 was 35,001,986. Its rank was 1st in the nation. (The District of Columbia is included for ranking purposes.)

Per Capita Personal Income

In 2002 California had a per capita personal income of $32,989. This per capita personal income ranked 11th in the United States and was 107 percent of the national average, $30,906. The 2002 per capita personal income reflected an increase of 0.3 percent from 2001. The 2001-2002 national change was 1.2 percent. In 1992 the per capita personal income of California was $22,492 and ranked 11th in the United States. The 1992-2002 average annual growth rate of per capita personal income was 3.9 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 4.0 percent.

Total Personal Income

In 2002 California had a total personal income of $1,154,684,900. This total personal income ranked 1st in the United States. In 1992 the total personal income of California was $696,670,363 and ranked 1st in the United States. The 2002 total personal income reflected an increase of 1.7 percent from 2001. The 2001-2002 national change was 2.3 percent. The 1992-2002 average annual growth rate of total personal income was 5.2 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 5.2 percent.

Components of Personal Income

Total personal income includes net earnings by place of residence; dividends, interest, and rent; and total personal current transfer receipts received by the residents of California. In 2002 net earnings accounted for 69.6 percent of total personal income (compared with 68.8 in 1992); dividends, interest, and rent were 17.7 percent (compared with 18.5 in 1992); and personal current transfer receipts were 12.7 percent (compared with 12.7 in 1992). From 2001 to 2002 net earnings increased 0.7 percent; dividends, interest, and rent increased 1.0 percent; and personal current transfer receipts increased 8.2 percent. From 1992 to 2002 net earnings increased on average 5.3 percent each year; dividends, interest, and rent increased on average 4.7 percent; and personal current transfer receipts increased on average 5.2 percent.

Employment Earnings

Earnings of persons employed in California increased from $893,445,286 in 2001 to $900,353,319 in 2002, an increase of 0.8 percent. The 2001-2002 national change was 1.5 percent. The average annual growth rate from the 1992 estimate of $538,541,258 to the 2002 estimate was 5.3 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 5.3 percent.

Area - California, the third largest state in the Union, has a total area of 411,471 sq km (158,869 sq mi), including 6926 sq km (2674 sq mi) of inland water and 575 sq km (222 sq mi) of coastal waters over which it has jurisdiction. The state is roughly rectangular in shape, although the southern two-thirds bends in a dogleg toward the east. It has a maximum distance north to south of 1052 km (654 mi) and an east-to-west extent of 945 km (587 mi), although even locations along the state’s eastern border are less than about 350 km (about 220 mi) from the ocean. California’s mean elevation is about 880 m (about 2900 ft).

Climate - The climate of California is characterized by cool to mild winters and, except in the high mountains, warm to hot summers. The year is divided into a wet season and a dry season. Precipitation falls mainly during the period from October to April. The mountain slopes facing westward are usually wetter than the slopes facing eastward because the moisture-bearing winds from the Pacific are forced to condense and precipitate their moisture as they rise over the mountains. In general, northern California has lower temperatures and greater precipitation than southern California. However, climatic and weather conditions in the state vary greatly from place to place and from year to year.
In the coastal areas north of Point Conception, July temperatures average about 16° C (about 60° F). January temperatures are between 4° and 10° C (40° and 50° F). Precipitation increases from about 380 mm (about 15 in) near Point Conception to more than 1800 mm (70 in) at Crescent City, near the Oregon border. Fogs are frequent along the coast, especially in summer. South of Point Conception the coastal areas are drier and have a greater range of average temperatures. Rainfall averages only about 300 mm (about 12 in) at Los Angeles and about 250 mm (about 10 in) at San Diego. Average January temperatures are between 10° and 16° C (50° and 60 °F). July averages are generally between 21° and 27° C (70° and 80° F), but much higher temperatures, even in the upper 30°s C (lower 100°s F) occur during summer.
In the Central Valley, average temperatures are about 27° C (about 80° F) in July and about 7° C (about 45° F) in January. Precipitation varies from more than 760 mm (30 in) a year in the valley's northern part to less than 150 mm (6 in) at its southern end.
In the extensive mountainous areas of California, winters can be severe. The western slopes of the Klamath Mountains, the wettest part of the state, receive more than 2500 mm (100 in) of precipitation a year. Many peaks in the Sierra Nevada support small glaciers and thus appear snowcapped throughout the year, and in some locations the snowfall exceeds 13,000 mm (500 in), the equivalent of about 1300 mm (about 50 in) of rain.
The Great Basin and Mojave Desert sections of California are extremely hot. In Death Valley, precipitation averages less than 50 mm (2 in) a year, and in some years it may never rain. The desert areas are the hottest parts of the state and of the nation. July temperatures in Death Valley average in the upper 30°s C (lower 100°s F), and the highest temperature (57° C/134° F) ever recorded in the United States was recorded there.
In the Central Valley the frost-free season is between 240 and 280 days. This long period permits the cultivation of many crops that are sensitive to frost damage. Elsewhere in California the growing season ranges from more than 320 days along the southern coast to less than 120 days in the northern valleys.

California State Flag
State Flag
California State Flower
State Flower - California Poppy

State Capitol - Sacramento
California's first state constitution was ratified by popular vote in November 1849, almost a year before statehood. The second and present constitution was adopted in 1879. An amendment to the constitution may be proposed by the legislature, voter initiative, or a constitutional convention. To be ratified, it must be approved by a majority of the people voting on the issue in an election.

Famous People

Charles P. Ginsburg inventor, San Francisco
Coolio rap artist, Los Angeles
Dave Brubeck musician, Concord
David Belasco playwright and producer, San Francisco
Dominique Moreanir gymnast, Hollywood
Earl Warren jurist, Los Angeles
Eldrick "Tiger" Woods golfer, Cypress
Emma Nevada opera singer, Alpha
Frederick G. Cottrell inventor, Oakland
George Lucas filmmaker, Modesto
George S. Patton, Jr. general, San Gabriel
Gertrude Atherton author, San Francisco
Isadora Duncan dancer, San Francisco
Isamu Noguchi sculptor, Los Angeles
Jack London author, San Francisco
James H. Doolittle air force general, Alameda
Jeff Gordon car racer, Vallejo
Jerry Garcia guitarist, singer, San Francisco
Joe DiMaggio baseball player, Martinez
John Frémont explorer, San Francisco
John Steinbeck author, Salinas
Julia Child chef, television, Pasadena
Leonardo DiCaprio actor Hollywood
Lincoln Steffens journalist, author, San Francisco
Luis Walter Alvarez inventor, San Francisco
Marcus Allen football player San Diego
Mariel Hemingway actress, Mill Valley
Mark McGwire baseball player, Pomona
Michael Tilson Thomas conductor, Hollywood
Myra Wilson actress, Burbank
Richard M. Nixon U.S. president, Yorba Linda
Richard Pancho Gonzales tennis player, Los Angeles
Robert Bower inventor, Santa Monica
Robert Frost poet, San Fancisco
Robert Redford actor, Santa Monica
Sally K. Ride astronaut, Encino
Serena & Venus Williams tennis players, Lynwood
Shirley Temple Black actress, ambassador, Santa Monica
Sidney Howard playwright, Oakland
William Randolph Hearst publisher, San Francisco
William Saroyan author, Fresno

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