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Florida Information and Facts

"Florida State Travel and Visitor Information."

Florida Information



Official Website: http://www.myflorida.com/

Income

The population of Florida in 2002 was 16,691,701. Its rank was 4th in the nation. (The District of Columbia is included for ranking purposes.)

Per Capita Personal Income

In 2002 Florida had a per capita personal income of $29,758. This per capita personal income ranked 24th in the United States and was 96 percent of the national average, $30,906. The 2002 per capita personal income reflected an increase of 1.7 percent from 2001. The 2001-2002 national change was 1.2 percent. In 1992 the per capita personal income of Florida was $20,417 and ranked 20th in the United States. The 1992-2002 average annual growth rate of per capita personal income was 3.8 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 4.0 percent.

Total Personal Income

In 2002 Florida had a total personal income of $496,706,399. This total personal income ranked 4th in the United States. In 1992 the total personal income of Florida was $278,700,320 and ranked 4th in the United States. The 2002 total personal income reflected an increase of 3.8 percent from 2001. The 2001-2002 national change was 2.3 percent. The 1992-2002 average annual growth rate of total personal income was 5.9 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 5.2 percent.

Components of Personal Income

Total personal income includes net earnings by place of residence; dividends, interest, and rent; and total personal current transfer receipts received by the residents of Florida. In 2002 net earnings accounted for 59.0 percent of total personal income (compared with 57.4 in 1992); dividends, interest, and rent were 24.8 percent (compared with 25.6 in 1992); and personal current transfer receipts were 16.2 percent (compared with 17.0 in 1992). From 2001 to 2002 net earnings increased 3.7 percent; dividends, interest, and rent increased 1.1 percent; and personal current transfer receipts increased 8.9 percent. From 1992 to 2002 net earnings increased on average 6.2 percent each year; dividends, interest, and rent increased on average 5.6 percent; and personal current transfer receipts increased on average 5.5 percent.

Employment Earnings

Earnings of persons employed in Florida increased from $316,135,769 in 2001 to $328,252,822 in 2002, an increase of 3.8 percent. The 2001-2002 national change was 1.5 percent. The average annual growth rate from the 1992 estimate of $179,247,450 to the 2002 estimate was 6.2 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 5.3 percent.


Area - Florida ranks 23rd among the states in size, covering 155,368 sq km (59,988 sq mi), including 12,129 sq km (4683 sq mi) of inland water and 3388 sq km (1308 sq mi) of coastal water over which it has jurisdiction. The major part of the state is a peninsula that extends southward for some 610 km (380 mi) to Cape Sable, which at latitude 257' north is the southernmost point of the United States mainland. The peninsula has an average width of about 200 km (about 125 mi). At the southern end of the peninsula the Florida Keys, a chain of small islands, or keys, curve southwestward from Biscayne Bay to the Dry Tortugas. Northern Florida includes a narrow panhandle stretching for about 300 km (about 200 mi) along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The state's irregular shape gives it a large maximum extent: from north to south the state's greatest distance is 724 km (450 mi): from east to west it is 758 km (471 mi). Florida is a low-lying area with an average elevation of only 30 m (100 ft) above sea level. It ranks with Louisiana as the second lowest state in the Union, after Delaware. The highest point in Florida, a hill in the panhandle, is 105 m (345 ft) above sea level.

Climate - Florida's climate has been called the state's most valuable natural resource. Most of the state has a humid subtropical type of climate, but the southern tip of the peninsula has a more tropical climate. The climate attracts millions of tourists and permanent residents who seek sunshine and warmth all year, but particularly in winter. It is also important to growers of crops that are easily damaged by frost, such as citrus fruit and sugarcane. In the wintertime southern Florida is one of the warmest places on the U.S. mainland. Average January temperatures there range from about 18 to 21 C (about 64 to 70 F). Daytime temperatures in winter are generally in the lower 20s C (70s F) at Miami and other southern coastal resorts. In northern Florida average January temperatures range from about 11 to 13 C (about 52 to 56 F). However, temperatures vary considerably from day to day, occasionally reaching well below freezing. Summers are hot throughout the state. However, temperatures are generally no higher than in many northern cities, and ocean breezes tend to modify the climate in southernmost Florida. During summer, Miami has an average temperature in the upper 20s C (lower 80s F). Although the south is closer to the tropics, it has fewer very hot days each summer than does the north. Rainfall ranges from more than 1500 mm (60 in) in the Everglades and the northwest to about 970 mm (about 38 in) at Key West. However, rainfall varies considerably from year to year, and severe droughts and floods often occur. Most rain falls in summer, often during brief but heavy thundershowers. Snow rarely falls in the north and is almost unknown in the south. Hurricanes frequently strike the state. Winds of hurricane force, accompanied by heavy rains and high seas, can cause widespread damage, especially in the south, where so much of the land is at or near sea level. However, modern construction techniques and an alert weather watch for potentially dangerous storms have helped reduce the losses of life and property caused by hurricanes. The risk is not gone, however; in August 1992 Hurricane Andrew ripped through southeastern Florida, killing 41. Cities in the area reported property damages in excess of $20 billion. In Homestead, near Miami, 90 percent of the city's buildings sustained damage from the hurricane. The hurricane season lasts from late June to early November, but hurricanes occur most frequently in September.

Florida State Flag
State Flag
Florida State Flower
State Flower - Orange Blossom


State Capitol - Tallahassee
Florida's sixth and present constitution was adopted in 1968. Amendments may be proposed by a three-fifths majority of each house of the state legislature, by a commission appointed to amend the constitution, by a petition of voters, or by a constitutional convention. To become effective, amendments must be approved by the voters of the state.

Famous People

A. J. McLean singer, West Palm Beach
A. Philip Randolph labor leader, Crescent City
Ben Vereen actor, Miami
Butterfly McQueen actress, Tampa
David Robinson basketball, Key West
Don Sutton baseball player, Pensacola
Dwight Gooden baseball player, Tampa
Fay Dunaway actress, Bascom
Fernando Bujones ballet dancer, Miami
Frances Langford singer, Lakeland
Howie Dorough singer, Orlando
James Weldon Johnson author, educator, Jacksonville
Jim Morrison singer, Melbourne
Joseph W. Stilwell army general, Palatka
Julian Cannonball Adderley jazz saxophonist, Tampa
Norman E. Thargard astronaut
Osceola Seminole Indian leader
Pat Boone singer, Jacksonville
Sidney Poitier actor, Miami
Stepin Fetchit comedian, Key West
Steve Carlton baseball player, Miami

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