Hawaii Information and Facts
|"Hawaii State Travel and Visitor Information."|
The population of Hawaii in 2002 was 1,240,663. Its rank was 42nd in the nation. (The District of Columbia is included for ranking purposes.)
Per Capita Personal Income
In 2002 Hawaii had a per capita personal income of $29,875. This per capita personal income ranked 21st in the United States and was 97 percent of the national average, $30,906. The 2002 per capita personal income reflected an increase of 4.1 percent from 2001. The 2001-2002 national change was 1.2 percent. In 1992 the per capita personal income of Hawaii was $24,089 and ranked 7th in the United States. The 1992-2002 average annual growth rate of per capita personal income was 2.2 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 4.0 percent.
Total Personal Income
In 2002 Hawaii had a total personal income of $37,064,363. This total personal income ranked 40th in the United States. In 1992 the total personal income of Hawaii was $27,909,660 and ranked 38th in the United States. The 2002 total personal income reflected an increase of 5.5 percent from 2001. The 2001-2002 national change was 2.3 percent. The 1992-2002 average annual growth rate of total personal income was 2.9 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 5.2 percent.
Components of Personal Income
Total personal income includes net earnings by place of residence; dividends, interest, and rent; and total personal current transfer receipts received by the residents of Hawaii. In 2002 net earnings accounted for 69.7 percent of total personal income (compared with 72.8 in 1992); dividends, interest, and rent were 17.6 percent (compared with 16.2 in 1992); and personal current transfer receipts were 12.7 percent (compared with 11.0 in 1992). From 2001 to 2002 net earnings increased 5.9 percent; dividends, interest, and rent increased 1.7 percent; and personal current transfer receipts increased 8.8 percent. From 1992 to 2002 net earnings increased on average 2.4 percent each year; dividends, interest, and rent increased on average 3.7 percent; and personal current transfer receipts increased on average 4.4 percent.
Earnings of persons employed in Hawaii increased from $27,163,528 in 2001 to $28,788,078 in 2002, an increase of 6.0 percent. The 2001-2002 national change was 1.5 percent. The average annual growth rate from the 1992 estimate of $22,750,073 to the 2002 estimate was 2.4 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 5.3 percent.
Climate - The eight main islands of Hawaii, which lie just
south of the tropic of Cancer, have a tropical climate that is determined by their latitude and oceanic
setting and by the influence of the prevailing northeast trade winds. Average temperatures range between
22° and 26° C (72° and 79° F) throughout the year at low elevations. Lowland temperatures vary only a
few degrees from month to month and rarely more than 6° C (10° F) from day to day. Extreme temperatures
rarely occur. Daytime temperatures hardly ever rise above 35° C (95° F), and temperatures below freezing
are practically unknown at elevations of less than 1200 m (4000 ft). Weather conditions above about 2500
m (about 8200 ft) can be quite severe, especially during the winter months. Traditional Hawaiian seasons
may be generally classified into two periods. Kau, or the summer period, normally lasts from mid-April
until mid-October; ho'oilo, or the winter season, usually lasts from mid-October to mid-April. Although
mild by the standards of temperate areas, the winter season is characterized by slightly lower
temperatures than those that occur during the summer, and by frontal or cyclonic storms that can bring
strong northerly winds and much rainfall to some areas of the islands. Trade winds from the northeast
sweep across the islands nearly all of the time during summer and about one-half of the time during the
winter. However, the mountains tend to block their passage. As they flow up the mountain slopes, the
winds precipitate their moisture as rainfall. Descending the other side, subsequently, they are quite
dry. On Hawaii and Maui the winds tend to flow around, rather than over, the high mountain masses.
Consequently, the higher slopes of Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea, and Haleakala generally have less rain than the
lower slopes. In Hawaii the mountain slopes that face northward and eastward receive the full force of
the rain-bearing trade winds and are referred to as the windward side. The drier slopes facing southward
and westward are referred to as the leeward side. When the trade winds fail, as they often do for short
periods during the winter months, the islands may come under the influence of a south or southwest wind,
which sometimes brings rain to the leeward side of the islands. These kona winds generally bring
uncomfortably warm and muggy weather. Rainfall varies greatly from place to place and from month to
month. In general, the wettest months are November to April. Rainfall is heaviest on the windward side
of the islands and lightest on the leeward side. For example, the windward side of Waialeale peak, on
Kauai, receives about 11,680 mm (about 460 in) of rain a year and is one of the wettest spots in the
world. However, only a relatively short distance to the southwest, on the side of the mountain, annual
rainfall averages only 510 mm (20 in). Snow frequently covers the upper flanks of Mauna Loa and Mauna
Kea in winter, and some snow may linger on their summits through the summer months.
Amos S. Cooke missionary, educator
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