Texas Information and Facts
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Official Website: http://www.state.tx.us/
The population of Texas in 2002 was 21,736,925. Its rank was 2nd in the nation. (The District of Columbia is included for ranking purposes.)
Per Capita Personal Income
In 2002 Texas had a per capita personal income of $29,039. This per capita personal income ranked 27th in the United States and was 94 percent of the national average, $30,906. The 2002 per capita personal income reflected an increase of 0.3 percent from 2001. The 2001-2002 national change was 1.2 percent. In 1992 the per capita personal income of Texas was $18,916 and ranked 32nd in the United States. The 1992-2002 average annual growth rate of per capita personal income was 4.4 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 4.0 percent.
Total Personal Income
In 2002 Texas had a total personal income of $631,208,404. This total personal income ranked 3rd in the United States. In 1992 the total personal income of Texas was $335,941,115 and ranked 3rd in the United States. The 2002 total personal income reflected an increase of 2.2 percent from 2001. The 2001-2002 national change was 2.3 percent. The 1992-2002 average annual growth rate of total personal income was 6.5 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 5.2 percent.
Components of Personal Income
Total personal income includes net earnings by place of residence; dividends, interest, and rent; and total personal current transfer receipts received by the residents of Texas. In 2002 net earnings accounted for 73.7 percent of total personal income (compared with 71.3 in 1992); dividends, interest, and rent were 14.0 percent (compared with 16.4 in 1992); and personal current transfer receipts were 12.4 percent (compared with 12.3 in 1992). From 2001 to 2002 net earnings increased 1.0 percent; dividends, interest, and rent increased 1.6 percent; and personal current transfer receipts increased 10.5 percent. From 1992 to 2002 net earnings increased on average 6.9 percent each year; dividends, interest, and rent increased on average 4.8 percent; and personal current transfer receipts increased on average 6.6 percent.
Earnings of persons employed in Texas increased from $511,140,238 in 2001 to $517,014,810 in 2002, an increase of 1.1 percent. The 2001-2002 national change was 1.5 percent. The average annual growth rate from the 1992 estimate of $267,209,379 to the 2002 estimate was 6.8 percent. The average annual growth rate for the nation was 5.3 percent.
Area - Texas is the second largest state in the nation, after Alaska, and has an area of 692,244 sq km (267,277 sq mi), including 12,844 sq km (4959 sq mi) of inland water and 1046 sq km (404 sq mi) of coastal water over which it has jurisdiction. Extending for about 1240 km (about 770 mi) from east to west and for about 1290 km (about 800 mi) from north to south, the state comprises about 7 percent of the land area of the United States. The mean elevation is about 500 m (1700 ft).
Climate - Eastern Texas has a humid subtropical climate, while a semiarid low latitude climate prevails in central areas, and an arid low latitude climate
in the extreme west. Along the coast the climate is much milder, with fewer extremes in temperatures. Hurricanes sometimes hit the coastal areas of Texas
from late July through September, and tornadoes are common in north-central Texas in April and May. Summers are hot throughout the state, and temperatures
exceeding 35° C (95° F) are relatively common. Average July temperatures range from 28° to 30° C (82° to 86° F) over most of Texas. Winters are generally
mild, except in the extreme northern parts of the state. The coldest winter weather is brought by north winds, called northers, that sweep down the Great
Plains. The winds get warmer as they pass over the state, however, and by the time they reach the coast, temperatures are generally above freezing. Average
January temperatures range from 16° C (60° F) in the extreme south to 1° C (34° F) in the northern Panhandle. Precipitation in Texas decreases steadily
from east to west. Along the Texas-Louisiana border almost 1400 mm (55 in) of rain falls each year. The central part of the state has about 640 mm (about
25 in) of precipitation, and the extreme western part of the state has less than 250 mm (10 in). Rainfall is generally greatest during the summer. Snow
is fairly uncommon in Texas, except in the higher mountains and in the High Plains.
A. J. Foyt auto racer, Houston
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